Metro Manila · Andres Bonifacio (* 30 November 1863, † 10 May 1897)

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Known as a nationalist and revolutionary, the Philippine lawyer Andres Bonifacio started the Philippine Revolution against its colonial master Spain in 1892.

He first joined Jose Rizal’s La Liga Filipina (The Philippine League) on the same year but the group was disbanded when Rizal was deported to the south. This left Bonifacio and another member -Apolinario Mabini to continue what Rizal has started. The disbandment of The Philippine League later on gave birth to the Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (Highest, Most Honorable Society of the Children of the Nation) where Bonifacio was the Supremo or the Supreme Leader.

Bonifacio grew up in a small house in Tondo. His father was a tailor and his mestiza mother worked in a cigarette factory. Bonifacio dropped out of school at an early when both of his parents died. To support his siblings, he sold paper fans, canes, and made posters for business firms in Manila. Although he did not finish formal education, the self-educated Bonifacio was a well-read young man having books on the French Revolution, and even Victor Hugo’s Les Miserables and others. Andres Bonifacio spoke Tagalog and Spanish and could also understand English courtesy of his former work in J.M. Fleming and Co. According to a number of accounts, Bonifacio was supposed to serve as the country’s first president but he was tried for treason and later executed through the hands of Emilio Aguinaldo and his fellows.

Considered one of the country's national hero, Andres Bonifacio is recognized as a champion of the Filipino people alongside José Rizal. Bonifacio Day is a public holiday named after him, held on November 30 or the Monday closest to that date.

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